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Decision Information | |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
Docket Number: | EP_290_5 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
Case Title: | QUARTERLY RAIL COST ADJUSTMENT FACTOR | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
Decision Type: | Decision | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
Deciding Body: | Entire Board | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
Decision Summary | |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
Decision Notes: | DECISION ADOPTED THE RAIL COST ADJUSTMENT FACTOR FIGURES SUBMITTED BY THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN RAILROADS FOR THE FIRST QUARTER OF 2014. | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
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43524 SERVICE DATE – LATE RELEASE
DECEMBER 20, 2013 EB SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD DECISION Docket No. EP 290 (Sub-No. 5) (2014-1) QUARTERLY RAIL COST ADJUSTMENT FACTOR Digest:^{[1]} The rail cost adjustment factor (RCAF) is an
index formulated to represent changes in railroad costs incurred by the
nation’s largest railroads over a specified period of time. The statute requires the Surface
Transportation Board (Board) to publish the RCAF on at least a quarterly
basis. Each quarter, the Association of
American Railroads (AAR) computes three types of RCAF figures and submits those
figures to the Board for approval. The Board
has reviewed the submission and adopts the RCAF figures for the first quarter
of 2014. In addition, the Board is
including the restated RCAFs for the fourth quarter of 2011 through the
fourth quarter of 2013, which AAR filed in compliance with the Board’s November
27, 2013 decision directing AAR to restate the 2011, 2012, and 2013 RCAFs using
BNSF Railway Company’s and Union Pacific Railroad Company’s revised R-1 reports.
The Board has also included the restated
fourth quarter 2012 basing factor. Decided: December
19, 2013 In Railroad Cost
Recovery Procedures, 1 I.C.C. 2d 207 (1984), the Interstate Commerce
Commission (ICC) outlined the procedures for calculating the all-inclusive
index of railroad input prices and the method for computing the rail cost
adjustment factor (RCAF). Under the
procedures, the Association of American Railroads (AAR) is required to
calculate the index on a quarterly basis and submit it to the agency on the
fifth day of the last month of each calendar quarter. In Railroad Cost Recovery
Procedures—Productivity Adjustment, 5 I.C.C.2d 434 (1989), aff’d sub nom. Edison Electric Institute
v. ICC, 969 F.2d 1221 (D.C. Cir. 1992), the ICC
adopted procedures that require the adjustment of the quarterly index for a
measure of productivity. The
provisions of 49 U.S.C. § 10708 direct the Surface Transportation Board (Board)
to continue to publish both an unadjusted RCAF and a productivity-adjusted
RCAF. In Productivity
Adjustment—Implementation, 1 S.T.B. 739 (1996), the Board decided to
publish a second productivity-adjusted RCAF called the RCAF-5. Consequently, three indices are now filed
with the Board: the RCAF (Unadjusted),
the RCAF (Adjusted), and the RCAF-5. The
RCAF (Unadjusted) is an index reflecting cost changes experienced by the
railroad industry, without reference to changes in rail productivity. The RCAF (Adjusted) is an index that reflects
national average productivity changes as originally developed and applied by
the ICC, the calculation of which is currently based on a 5-year moving
average. The RCAF-5 is an index that
also reflects national average productivity changes; however, those productivity
changes are calculated as if a five-year moving average had been applied
consistently from the productivity adjustment’s inception in 1989. In EP 290 (Sub No. 5) (2013-1), served December 20, 2012, the Board noted that AAR’s proposed rebasing calculations were verified, and complied with the statute. Because the revisions calculated by AAR affected the fourth quarter 2012 basing factor, this decision contains the revised 2012 fourth quarter basing factor, from 297.5 to 297.6. The revised rebasing calculations are shown in Table C of the Appendix. The index
of railroad input prices, RCAF (Unadjusted), RCAF (Adjusted), and RCAF-5 for
the first quarter of 2014 are shown in Table A of the Appendix to this decision. Table B shows the restated third quarter 2013
index and the RCAF calculated on both an actual and a forecasted basis. The difference between the actual calculation
and the forecasted calculation is the forecast error adjustment. We
have examined AAR’s calculations and we find that AAR has complied with our
procedures, as well as the Board’s November 27, 2013 decision directing
AAR to restate the 2011, 2012, and 2013 RCAFs using BNSF Railway Company’s
(BNSF) and Union Pacific Railroad Company’s (UP) revised R-1 reports. The restated RCAFs for the fourth quarter of 2011
through the fourth quarter of 2013 were recalculated as if AAR had made the
revisions in 2013 for the original filings.^{[2]} We find that the
first quarter 2014 RCAF (Unadjusted) is 0.980, an increase of 0.5% from the restated
fourth quarter 2013 RCAF of 0.975. The
RCAF (Adjusted) is calculated, in part, using the RCAF (Unadjusted) and a five-year
moving geometric average of productivity change for U.S. Class I railroads from
2007-2011, which is 1.009 (0.9% per year).
We find that the RCAF (Adjusted) is 0.424, an increase of 0.2% from the
restated fourth quarter 2013 RCAF (Adjusted) of 0.423.^{[3]} In
accordance with Productivity Adjustment—Implementation, 1 S.T.B. at
748-49, the RCAF-5 for this quarter will use a productivity trend for the years
2007-2011, which is 1.009 (0.9% per year).
We find that the RCAF-5 for the first quarter of 2014 is 0.400, an
increase of 0.3% from the restated fourth quarter 2013 RCAF-5 of 0.399.^{[4]} This
decision will not significantly affect the quality of the human environment or
the conservation of energy resources. Authority: 49 U.S.C. § 10708. It is ordered: 1. The Board
approves the first quarter 2014 RCAF (Unadjusted) of 0.980, RCAF (Adjusted) of
0.424, and RCAF-5 of 0.400. 2. Notice of this decision will be published in
the Federal Register. 3. The effective date of this decision is
January 1, 2014. By the Board, Chairman Elliott, Vice Chairman Begeman, and Commissioner Mulvey. APPENDIX TABLE
A EP
290 (Sub-No. 5) (2014-1) All
Inclusive Index of Railroad Input Costs^{[1]} (Endnotes Following Table D)
TABLE B EP 290 (Sub-No. 5) (2014-1) Comparison of Third Quarter 2013 Index Calculated on Both a Forecasted and an Actual Basis^{[6]}
TABLE
C Rebasing
the Denominator of the RCAF to the Fourth Quarter 2012 Level ( Restated)^{[7]}
TABLE
D Restated
RCAFs 2011Q4 through 2013Q4
Endnotes: ^{[1]} The digest constitutes no part of the decision of the Board but has been prepared for the convenience of the reader. It may not be cited to or relied upon as precedent. Policy Statement on Plain Language Digests in Decisions, EP 696 (STB served Sept. 2, 2010). ^{[2]} See Table D. ^{[3]} The first quarter 2014 RCAF Adjusted (0.424) is calculated by dividing the first quarter 2014 RCAF Unadjusted (0.980) by the first quarter productivity adjustment factor of 2.3110. The first quarter 2014 productivity adjustment factor is calculated by multiplying the fourth quarter 2013 productivity adjustment of 2.3059 by the fourth root (1.0022) of the 2007-2011 annual average productivity growth rate of 0.9%. ^{[4]} The first quarter 2014 RCAF-5 (0.400) is calculated by dividing the first quarter 2014 RCAF Unadjusted (0.980) by the first quarter productivity adjustment factor-5 (PAF-5) of 2.4480. The first quarter 2014 PAF-5 is calculated by multiplying the fourth quarter 2013 PAF-5 of 2.4426 by the fourth root (1.0022) of the 2007-2011 annual average productivity growth rate of 0.9%. ^{[1]}
AAR has restated the 2012 weights in compliance
to our November 27, 2013 decision. The 2013 fourth quarter forecast is the
restated version, not the September 5, 2013 filing. The 2012 basing factor has also been restated
from 297.5 to 297.6. ^{2} “Other Items”
is a combination of Purchased Services, Casualties and Insurance, General and
Administrative, Other Taxes, Loss and Damage, and Special Charges, price
changes for all of which are measured by the Producer Price Index for
Industrial Commodities Less Fuel and Related Products and Power. ^{3} Linking is necessitated by a change to the 2012 weights beginning in the fourth quarter 2013. The following formula was used for the current quarter’s index: 1st Qr. 2014 Index (2012 Weights) Times 4th Quarter Linked Index Equals Linked Index 4th Qr. 2013 Index (1980 = 100 Linked) (Current Quarter) (2012 Weights) Or 306.0 X 297.8 = 292.9 311.1 ^{4} The first quarter 2013 RCAF was rebased using
the October 1, 2012 level of 297.5 in accordance with the requirements of the
Staggers Rail Act of 1980 (10/1/2012 = 100). In compliance to our November 27, 2013
decision, AAR has restated the October 1, 2012 level of 297.5 to 297.6. ^{5} The first quarter 2014 forecast error
adjustment was calculated as follows:
(a) restated third quarter 2013 RCAF using forecasted data equals 98.9;
(b) restated third quarter 2013 RCAF using actual data equals 98.5; and (c) the
difference equals the forecast error (b-a) of -0.4. Because the actual third quarter value is
less than the forecast value, the difference is subtracted from the Preliminary
RCAF. Both the fourth quarter 2013 and
the first quarter 2014 forecast error adjustments are recalculated using the restated
October 1, 2012 level of 297.6. ^{[6]} AAR has
restated the 2011 weights in compliance to our November 27, 2013 decision. The
2013 third quarter forecast and actual are also restated versions. The 2012 fourth quarter basing factor has been
restated from 297.5 to 297.6. ^{[7]} The fourth
quarter 2012 basing factor was restated using revised data from UP and BNSF. ^{[8]} The shaded
cells contain RCAF numbers that did not change as a result of the restatement. |